Dot Net features you must knowadmin
Microsoft .NET is a framework that makes it easier to design and construct portable, scalable, and resilient programmes that can be run in a distributed environment. It proposes a managed computing approach that is platform and device agnostic.
The Microsoft .NET framework has a lot of capabilities. The .NET framework features were created by Microsoft employing the technology that software developers need to create applications for today’s and future business demands. The following are the primary characteristics of .NET:
1. Establishing a Common Executive Environment in .Net
The Common Language Runtime is the common execution environment for all .NET programmes. By providing a common environment for the execution of code written in any of these languages, the CLR supports interoperability across different .NET languages such as C#, Visual Basic, Visual C++, and others.
2. System of Common Types
To preserve data integrity across code written in different .NET conforming programming languages, the .NET framework follows kinds of systems. CTS guarantees that programme objects developed in different programming languages may communicate with one another and share data.
When a type in one language transmits data to its corresponding type in other languages, CTS protects against data loss. CTS, for example, ensures that data is not lost when converting a visual basic integer variable to a C# integer variable.
The common type system (CTS) specifies a collection of types and rules that are shared by all CLR-targeted languages. Both value and reference types are supported. All primitive types, structs, and enums are constructed in the stack as value types. Reference types, on the other hand, are formed in the managed heap and contain objects, arrays, collections, and so on.
3. Multi-language support
.NET ensures programme safety and security by supervising the compilers that convert source code to intermediate language (IL) and from IL to native code.
The common type system and metadata serve as the foundation for multilingual support. The CLR’s core data types are universal across languages. As a result, the basic integer, floating-point, and string types have no conversion concerns.
All languages have the same approach to all data types. A framework for defining and maintaining new kinds is also available.
4. tool assistance
To make the developer’s job easier, the CLR works in tandem with tools like Visual Studio, compilers, debuggers, and profilers.
The CLR ensures system security by identifying users and code, as well as performing permission checks. The code’s identity may be determined, and authorization to access resources provided appropriately. This level of security is a key element of the .NET framework. Role-based security utilising Windows NT accounts and groups is likewise supported by the .NET framework.
6. Resource Management Software
The .NET CLR manages memory, screen space, network connections, databases, and other resources efficiently and automatically. CLR uses the .NET framework’s built-in methods to allocate and de-allocate memory for .NET objects.
As a result, programmers do not need to create code to manually allocate and de-allocate memory.
7. Easy and comprehensive debugging
The .NET IDE (integrated programming environment) offers comprehensive debugging capabilities. When a run-time exception occurs, the programme terminates, and the IDE highlights the line containing the problem, as well as the specifics of the fault and alternative remedies. The runtime also has built-in stack walking features that make finding faults and problems much easier.
8. Development becomes easier
A window-based programme may be installed or uninstalled using .NET by copying or removing files. Because .NET components are not referenced in the registry, this is feasible.
9. Framework library of classes
The .NET framework’s framework class library (FCL) offers a large number of classes that developers may utilise in their applications. These classes were created by Microsoft to let programmes do things like interact with files and other data storage, execute input-output operations, use online services, retrieve data, and render graphics.
The FCL classes are logically organised into namespaces like system, System.collections, System.diagnostics, System.Globalization, System.IO, System.text, and so on.
The application built in the .NET framework is portable. When a programme written in a CLR compatible language compiles, machine-independent and intermediate codes are generated. This was once known as the Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL), but it has now been renamed the Common Intermediate Language (CIL). CIL is the key to Dot NET portability.
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